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Mashina Vremeni / Машина времени

 B i o g r a p h y

Mashina Vremeni (Машина времени, Russian for Time Machine), which formed in Moscow in the late 1960's, is recognized as one of the two "patriarchs" of Russian rock music (the other one being Aquarium). This indirectly dates the Russian rock-n-roll tradition: the leaders of both bands (Andrei Makarevich and Boris Grebenshchikov, who share a career-long friendship) were born in 1953 and admitted to getting into rock-n-roll due a high-school fascination with The Beatles. Despite the influence, Mashina never sounded much like the Beatles: their rock anthems, which are a staple of Russian pop-culture, somewhat resemble Creedence Clearwater Revival, and over the course of their career they've recorded songs in every tint of 70's rock music, in addition to outright blues numbers. Just like with Aquarium, Mashina has tried to incorporate Eastern European and Asian folk influences, although to a lesser degree. Mashina Vremeni's best known members are Andrei Makarevich - the founder, principal singer-songwriter and the band's public persona, and Alexander Kutikov - the bass player and producer/sound engineer. Other members have come and gone throughout the years, which contributed to the fact that Mashina is a pluralistic band - on any given record one will hear songs performed by at least two different singers (on the later records the number is usually four).

The first band Andrei Makarevich was involved into was school band which consisted of two guitars and two girls on vocals singing American folk songs. Serious attempts began in 1968 when Andrei Makarevich heard The Beatles songs. The band was reformed and called The Kids. After some time the girls were removed from the squad and the band began to be called Mashiny Vremeni (Time Machines - in plural form imitating The Beatles, Rolling Stones etc.) The most significant founders included Sergey Kavagoe and Andrei Makarevich. The band's repertoire consisted of eleven songs in English language, now lost.

1971 - Alexander Kutikov becomes the bass player, introducing more of buoyant rock-n-roll into the band's material
1972 - Line-up losses in the band; several members are drafted into service (which to this day is compulsory in Russia)
1973 - Due to tensions between Sergey Kavagoe and Alexander Kutikov the latter leaves the band for a hard rock outfit Visokosnoe Leto (Leap Year Summer)
1974 - Sergey Kavagoe leaves, Alexander Kutikov returns. However, Kavagoe returns after about a half-year. The band performs with the following line-up - Andrei Makarevich, Alexander Kutikov, Sergey Kavagoe, and Alexey Romanov (future leader of another prominent Russian band Voskresenie (The Resurrection))
1975 - Romanov and Kutikov suddenly depart. Evgeny Margulis joins on guitar
1976 - Mashina Vremeni is invited to a festival "Songs of youth in Tallinn - 76" and performed there with a great success. Many people join (including couple of violinists) and leave after some time during this year.
1978 - The first studio record of Mashina Vremeni. Alexander Kutikov while playing in Visokosnoe Leto was also working in sound-recording studio in order to help the band gain access to good equipment. The record is now known as "Eto bylo tak davno" ("That was so long ago").
1979 - A crisis of the band. Sergey Kavagoe and Evgeny Margulis leaves the band joining Voskresenie of Alexey Romanov. This time one of the most popular songs of the band was written by Andrei Makarevich - "Poka gorit svecha" ("While the candle burns") as a sign of his not giving up. After some time of frustration Alexander Kutikov saves the situation leaving the Visokosnoe Leto band and bringing Valeriy Efremov (also from Visokosnoe Leto) as drummer and Petr Podgorodetskiy on the keyboards.
1980 - The beginning of the golden era of Mashina Vremeni. The band wins the festival "Spring Rhythms 80" main award and continues its concert tour. However, that was allowed only because of music freedom indulgences given in light of Olympic Games 1980 in Moscow.
1981 - The song "Povorot" ("The turning point") stays on the top of charts for 18 monthes.
1982 - Repressions starts again with a slashing article "Ragout out of Blue bird" ("Blue Bird" was a popular song of the band) noting depressive and non-ideological songs of the band. However country-wide wave of protest against those repressions raised and thousands letters are sent to the editores of the newspapers. Petr Podgorodetskiy leaves and Alexandr Zaitsev substitutes him.
1986 - "Best songs 1979-1985" compilation is recorded. Album "V dobriy chas" ("Good Luck") is recorded.
1987 - "Reki i Mosty" ("Rivers and Bridges") album is issued. That album is considered as first released album (all the previous were just recorded for the underground distribution. First appearances on the television. The band performs at Live Aid 2 festival in Japan.
1988 - First international tours - USA, Canada, Greece, Spain and Bulgaria.
1989 - "V kruge sveta" ("In the circle of light") album is released.
1990 - Alexandr Zaitsev leaves and well-known Evgeny Margulis and Petr Podgorodetsky join the band once again.
1991 - "Medlennaya khoroshaya muzyka" ("Slow good music") album is released.
1993 - Alexander Kutikov's company "Sintez Records" releases retro albums "Best songs 1979-1985" and "That was so long ago". Album "Vneshtatniy komandir Zemli" ("Part-time commander of the Earth") is released.
1994 - Accustic live album "Unplugged" is recorded and released. 25th anniversary is celebrated in 7 hours concert on the Red Square
1995 - Compilation of old unpublished songs is released. This compilation is known as "Kogo ty khotel udivit?" ("Whom did you want to surprise?"). It was called after one of the most successful songs of Alexander Kutikov.
1996 - "Kartonniye krylia lubvi" ("Paper wings of love") album is released.
1996 - "20 let spustya" ("20 years after") album is released.
1997 - "Otryvayas" ("Breaking away") album is released.
1999 - The 30th anniversary of the band. Great concert, which is usually considered to be the best concert of Mashina Vremeni, is carried out in the main stadium of "sport-complex Olympiyskiy" im Moscow. "Chasy i znaki" ("Hours and signs") album is released. Petr Podgorodetskiy leaves due to tensions. Andrey Derzhavin takes his place on the keyboard.
2001 - "Mesto gde svet" ("The place with a light") album is released.
2004 - 35th anniversary of the band. Great concert consisting of 35 selected songs is played at the Red Square. "Mashinalno" ("Mechanically") album is released.
2005 - Live album "Kremlin rocks" was released. The band performed with chamber orchestra "Kremlin".
2006 - Sintez Records releases a compliation called "Mashina vremeni - chast' 1" ("Time Machine - Part 1"). The band records a new album (which is called in English "Time machine") at famous Studio 2 at Abbey Road Studios.
2007 - The group releases the Time machine album.

Although presented as a rock band, Mashina Vremeni incorporates many different genres. Through the stages in its development band played in many styles, beginning with imitations of Western rock leaders and ending with the unique Mashina's style. However, experiments are welcomed even now at the end of fourth decade of the band's existence. The last album "Mashinalno" reflects the devotion of band members to the music of 1970s with the sound of the 21st century. Album included some Beatles-like songs, punk composition, some blues and some slow ballads. Actually, each album includes songs of many genres. Blues of Petr Podgorodetskiy and Evgeny Margulis, variety of genres by Andrei Makarevich and hard rock and fiery rock-n-roll of Alexandr Kutikov. And yet, this can not be called a rule - all authors contributed almost to every genre. Most of the charm of their songs is in melody and lyrics - many of the most popular songs in the repertoire are played only with guitar beats or with only one simple guitar solo. But that doesn't reduce their popularity among all ages. It is probably one of couple Russian rock bands on the concert of which one can watch 50-years old bearded The Beatles fan-from-the-early 1960s as well as teenagers in the crowd.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 A l b u m s

10 let spustja / 10 лет спустя (Sintez Records, 1996)
Kartonnije krilja ljubvi / Картонные крыля любви (Sintez Records, 1996)
Chasy i zhnaki / Часы и знаки (Sintez Records, 1999)